What is Gout?

Gout - Feet

Gout is a common form of inflammatory arthritis that is very painful. It often affects one joint at a time. There are no cures for gout but you can treat and manage the condition.

What Causes Gout?

It is caused by a condition known as hyperuricemia, where there is too much uric acid in the body. The body makes uric acid when it breaks down purines which are found in your body and in the foods you eat. When there is too much uric acid in the body, uric acid crystals build up which can cause gout.

Gout flares can occur suddenly and last for weeks. Gout is often found in the big toe but can frequently occur in the knee and ankle.

Signs and Symptoms of Gout

  • Intense joint pain
  • Swelling
  • Redness
  • Warmth

What Increases your Chances of Gout?

  • Being male
  • Obesity
  • Taking diuretics
  • Having certain health conditions
    • Congestive heart failure
    • High blood pressure
    • Diabetes
    • Poor kidney function
  • Consuming food or drinks high in fructose
  • Consuming purine-rich food
    • Red meat
    • Organ meat
    • Anchovies
    • Sardines
    • Mussels
    • Scallops
    • Trout
    • Tuna

Gout Treatment

Gout can be treated and managed with medical treatment and self-management strategies. Speak with your healthcare provider for a recommended treatment plan.

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